In my previous post Numbers in Chiense I went over the basics of numbers in Chinese, but I also mentioned once you've learnt some numbers you'll find it useful for saying other things like dates and time. In this post this is what I intend to do.
Before going over the days of the week one important word to know is the word for week 星期（xīng qí). Once you know this word then saying a day of the week becomes easy as saying the number of that day in a week. The only one that doesn't follow this pattern is Sunday, which uses 日（rì）which translates to day.
day of the week pattern
星期(xīng qí) + number of day of week (except Sunday)
|Monday||星期一||xīng qí yī|
|Tuesday||星期二||xīng qí èr|
|Wednesday||星期三||xīng qí sān|
|Thursday||星期四||xīng qí sì|
|Friday||星期五||xīng qí wǔ|
|Saturday||星期六||xīng qí liù|
|Sunday||星期日||xīng qí rì|
Months follow a similar pattern to days of the week, but the number comes first and the important word to learn is 月(yuè) which means month. So saying a month is as straight forward as saying the number of the month before the chinese word for month.
number of month + 月(yuè)
|November||十一月||shí yī yuè|
|December||十二月||shí èr yuè|
There are two parts to saying the time in Chinese, just like most languages.
So knowing how to say o'clock and minute in Chinese, you say the number before each to say a time, just like the patterns below:
number of hour + 點 (diǎn – o’clock)
number of minute + 分 (fēn - minute)
|10:30||十點三十分||shí diǎn sānshí fēn|
|2:13||兩點十三分||liǎng diǎn shísān fēn|
|5:55||五點五十五分||wǔ diǎn wǔshíwǔ fēn|
|7:40||七點四十分||qī diǎn sìshí fēn|
In Chinese, the following pattern is followed. The year goes first, then the month, then the day. If you know much about Chinese then you'll know this is a general pattern to follow
least specific to
year + 年（nián） / number of month + 月（yuè） / number of day 日（rì）
|2021, November, 9th||二零二一年，十一月，九日||èr líng èryī nián, shíyī yuè, jiǔ rì|
|2014, March, 13th||二零一四年，三月，十三日||èr líng yīsì nián, sān yuè, shísān rì|
|1998, December, 25th||一九九八年，十二月，二十五日||yījiǔjiǔbā nián, shí'èr yuè, èrshíwǔ rì|